Trumpet / Flugelhorn
The Trumpet, which has the highest register in the brass family. and its close cousins, the Cornet and the Flugelhorn can be played almost interchangeably by someone who is skilled at one of them. The trumpet has a cylindrical bore, making it capable of playing a very bright, even piercing tone. The flugelhorn and the cornet both have tapered bores, which lend themselves to warmer, spreading types of tones. Cornets are not as popular now as they were in the first half of the 20th century.
Trumpet-like instruments have historically been used as signaling devices in battle or hunting, with examples dating back to at least 1500 BC; they began to be used as musical instruments only in the late 14th or early 15th century. Trumpets are used in art music styles, for instance in orchestras, concert bands, and jazz ensembles, as well as in popular music. They are played by blowing air through nearly-closed lips, producing a "buzzing" sound that starts a standing wave vibration in the air column inside the instrument.
Since the late 15th century they have primarily been constructed of brass tubing, usually bent twice into a rounded rectangular shape. Today, they are even made from plastic to provide inexpensive instruments for children and adults who like to play in the swimming pool. In the hands of a skillful player, even these can sound brilliant.
Early trumpets did not provide means to change the length of tubing, whereas modern instruments generally have three (or sometimes four) valves in order to change their pitch. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trumpet
Today, the Flugelhorn, with its warm inviting tone has become better known since its popularization by accomplished performs like Chuck Mangione.
The world of classical music is replete with many examples of great music written for the trumpet and played by exceptional musicians. Some musicians, such as Wynton Marsalis, can even create impressive trumpet soundscapes in both the Jazz and Classical genres.
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